Bangladesh will become the 25th largest economy in the world by 2035, advancing from 41st place this year thanks to steady growth, a new report said.
According to the UK-based Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR), the size of the economy will nearly treble to $855 billion in 2035 from $301 billion in 2020 in US dollar constant prices.
In current terms, Bangladesh will become more than a trillion-dollar economy before the period, showed the latest edition of the World Economic League Table of the think-tank.
In its annual league table on the growth prospects of 193 countries, the consultancy group said that despite the Covid-19 pandemic, Bangladesh was able to escape a contraction in 2020.
The rate of gross domestic product (GDP) growth in Bangladesh is anticipated to have dipped to 3.8 per cent in 2020. This compares to 8.2 per cent GDP growth recorded in 2019.
“This will have bolstered the economy in the past months,” the report said.
Between 2021 and 2025, the annual rate of GDP growth will accelerate to an average of 6.8 per cent. However, over the remainder of the forecast horizon, economic growth is expected to decline to an average of 6.5 per cent per year.
Bangladesh had a purchasing power parity-adjusted GDP per capita of $5,139 in 2020, making it a lower-middle-income country.
Bangladesh came 168th in the World Bank’s 2020 Ease of Doing Business rankings, suggesting that the regulatory environment is not conducive to a thriving private sector, the think-tank said.
The CEBR said the economy enjoyed a strong rate of GDP growth in the years leading up to the Covid-19 pandemic, despite a modest rate of population growth, which averaged just 1 per cent per year over the past five years.
While the harm to public health inflicted by the pandemic has been relatively limited, the effect of the outbreak on global demand and international supply chains means that the economic damage has been considerable.
China will overtake the US to become the world’s largest economy by 2028, five years earlier than previously forecast, the report said.
India is tipped to become the third-largest economy by 2030 and Pakistan will be placed at 36th in 2035.
Sri Lanka will become the 67th largest economy and Nepal will be placed at 95th.
Japan would remain the world’s third-biggest economy until the early 2030s, when it will be overtaken by India, pushing Germany down from fourth to fifth.
The United Kingdom, currently the fifth-biggest economy by the CEBR’s measure, would slip to sixth place from 2024.